Nutritional management becomes very imperative in the life of a diabetic. Does this mean he will have to weigh every ounce of the food that he eats? Not at all. Paying attention to the right foods and their requirement helps but one need not be paranoid about it. A diabetic person should aim to plan a meal that is good in proteins and complex carbohydrates but low in fat.
Food to eat
High fibre foods such as:
Whole wheat flour
Broken wheat or Dalia
Semolina (Sooji, Rawa)
Pulses like chana dal, soyabean
Vegetables (especially cluster beans)
Foods not to eat
Sugar, jaggery, sugarcane juice
Refined flour (maida)
High fat foods
Sample menu for a daily diet of a diabetic person
1.Ragi Malt or Tea or coffee with skim milk and artificial sweeteners
2.Oat porridge or Vegetable upma or idlis with mint-coriander chutney or Egg white sandwich
1.Salad: Sprouted and boiled moong / chana with chopped onion, tomato.
2.Dal paranthas or Methi rotis or Vegetable pulao or Khichdi
3. Steamed Fish curry or Palak with soya paneer
1.Soya cutlets or Brown bread upma or Sprouted moong bhel
3.Ragi / Bajra rotis or Dalia with vegetables
4.Mixed vegetable curry
6.Fruit in yogurt or Apple kheer with artificial sweetener
Did You Know?
Fenugreek seeds (methi seeds) is said to be beneficial for a diabetic. Owing to its soluble fibre content and an alkaloid trigonelline, it aids in checking the blood sugar levels. To use it, soak a handful of fenugreek seeds in water and let in remain overnight. The seeds are to be had on an empty stomach in the morning. The seeds can be added to the dosa batter or chapattis or made a part of a tasty salad.
Bitter gourd or karela has been identified to keep the sugar levels checked. They can be had either as a juice or be served as vegetable preparation.
Guar Gum – a component of cluster beans is a source of fibre that aids in controlling blood sugar levels and the insulin requirement.
The glycemic index of a food i.e. the extent of rise of blood sugar after the consumption of a particular food is related to the form of the food, i.e. raw foods show lesser rise in blood sugar level than cooked foods.