Children’s Day was first celebrated in the year 1954, as decided by the UN General Assembly. Till 1959, it was universally celebrated in the month of October. But after 1959, 20th November was chosen for the celebration of Children’s Day, as this date marks the anniversary of the day in 1959, when the Declaration of the Rights of the Child was adopted by the U.N. General Assembly. Since then 20th November is celebrated as the Universal Children’s Day around the world.
In 1989 the Convention on the Rights of the Child was signed on the same date. The main objective of this day was to promote the welfare of children and communal exchange among them all over the world.
The People’s Republic of China celebrates Children’s Day on first of June every year. An interesting rule here is that on this Day no homework is given to children and schools remain off . National Children’s Day in Japan is known as Kodomo no Hi and it is celebrated on May 5. In India, it is celebrated on 14th of November every year.
Children's Day festival focuses to identify the talent, education, health, cultural, financial and social needs of children. This day celebration also helps create awareness and uplift children’s social rights too. We cannot hide the fact that a large number of children in India are not getting basic privilege like health care, sanitation and education. This day many organisations come forward to support this worthy cause.
Government departments announce various schemes and organize various competitions and events for the children. All over the country, various cultural, social, and even corporate institutions conduct quizzes, fancy dress competitions and elocution contests for children. The electronic media also airs special programmes for children. Yes, there are special offers too- for kids in shopping malls, theaters and amusement parks.